The Office of the United States Trade Representative issued the following statement regarding a decision in the third softwood lumber arbitration disp...
Effective May 22, 2011, The U.S. is requiring that all commercial and noncommercial shipments of imported firewood from Canada and spruce logs from Nova Scotia, Canada must be heat treated. The purpose of this Federal Order is to prevent the entry of certain pests of firewood moving from Canada into the United States, and to prevent the entry of brown spruce longhorn beetle on spruce logs (Picea spp.) from where it exists in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
There are pests of firewood, such as Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis),Agrilus planipennis), gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar), pine shoot beetle (Tomicus piniperda), European spruce bark beetle (Ips typographis), and brown spruce longhorn beetle (Tetropium fuscum) that are either not present in the United States, or they are present, yet being officially controlled.
All hardwood firewood being imported into the United States from Canada must be heat treated at 60° centigrade (minimal core temperature) for 60 minutes. All softwood firewood being imported into the United States from Canada must be heat treated at 56º centigrade (minimal core temperature) for 30 minutes. As verification that Canadian firewood entering the United States has been properly treated in accordance with 7CFR §319.40-7(c) and this Federal Order, each commercial shipment must be accompanied by a treatment certificate. For noncommercial firewood, each shipment must be accompanied by a treatment certificate or an attached commercial treatment label indicating the firewood was previously heat treated.
All spruce logs entering the United States from Nova Scotia must be heat treated at 56º centigrade (minimal core temperature) for 30 minutes and accompanied by a treatment certificate, except when consigned to an approved facility that operates under a compliance agreement in accordance with 7CFR §319.40-8.
Spruce logs entering the United States from Canadian Provinces or Territories other than Nova Scotia do not require treatment for the brown spruce longhorn beetle; however, they must be accompanied by a certificate that specifies where the logs originated and comply with all other regulations specific to wood imports. In addition, spruce logs from Nova Scotia will require an import permit in accordance with 7CFR §319.40-4.
To apply for a permit online or learn more about plant health permits go to the following website: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/permits/ppq_epermits.shtml